Integrated Disease Surveillance Project
Public Health Survey
Identification of the Purpose
To determine the purpose of a survey, two questions are asked
(1) What information is needed (2) where can this information be found. This is used to develop a survey question.Developing a Questionnaire
The purpose of survey and population of interest is determined. Based on this a questionnaire is now developed. The questionnaire design is developed by our Out Reach Program Team at the Department of Community Medicine. The topics that are essential, identifying questions for each topic. reviewing previous questionnaires, preparing the question order is prepared. Questionnaires are prepared to start with basic questions Pilot testing of the questionnaire is done to determine the acceptability of the questionnaire to typical respondents and how long it takes them to complete it. A cognitive test of the questionnaire is done to determine problems with question comprehension, and understanding. Internal review board provides the approvals to survey questionnaire.Identification of Site
Our public health surveys are conducted in households, schools, health care facilities or worksites. The location is based on the population of interest.
Within each setting, data is obtained in three ways: through personal interviews, through self-administrated questionnaires, or / and by laboratory study.Identification of Sample
The quality of the sample determines the quality of the data. Hence samples of convenience or volunteer samples are discouraged. Scientifically selected samples are preferred as they are representative of the target population and are used to generalize.Conduct of Fieldwork
Fieldwork begins with obtaining clearance or approval to conduct the survey from respondents and administrators. Selection of data collectors, training of data collectors to make them become familiar with the questionnaire format, content, mode of data collection, data collection protocol, and quality control procedures ; is done by the community out reach team at the department of community medicine.Data Analysis
The survey data were entered manually, or scanned electronically, and then the data are edited for out-of-range responses, simple consistency, and logic errors. the sample is weighted to adjust for non-response, varying probabilities of selection, and sample characteristics. Reporting. Survey data are used to improve policies and programs. Consequently, key decision making need to be able to access and understand the data. In addition formal research papers, press releases, fact sheets or pamphlets, or Internet materials are considered,
Adolescent Health Care Program
- Early intervention against the root cause of maternal anemia.
- Adolescent Friendly Health Services Modules for School children
- Counselor service through the Teen Clinics where in the 3rd year medical graduate students and nursing students train in adolescent health.
- Psychological & Social Support for teen issues.