Instruction to Authors

1. Presentation and format
  • Double spacing
  • Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides
  • Title page contains all the desired information
  • Running title provided (not more than 50 characters)
  • Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript
  • Abstract provided (about 150 words for case reports and 250 words for original articles)
  • Structured abstract provided for an original article

2. Preparation of the Manuscript
The text of original articles should be divided into sections with the headings: Abstract, Key-words, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables and Figure legends. For a brief report include Abstract, Key-words Introduction, Case report, Discussion, References in this order. Do not use subheadings in these sections. Use double spacing throughout. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the American English.

a. Title Page
The title page should carry
  • Type of manuscript (e.g. Original article, Case Report)
  • The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;
  • Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;
  • The name by which each contributor is known (Last name, First name and initials of middle name) and institutional as 1, 2 and 3 but not marked with symbols.
  • The name of the department(s) to which the work should be attributed;
  • The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
  • The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text
  • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;
  • Acknowledgement, if any; one or more statements should specify 1) contributions that need acknowledging but do not support by a departmental chair; 2) acknowledgments of technical help; and 3) acknowledgments of financial and material support & nature of the support. This should be included in the title page of the manuscript and not in the main article file.
  • If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read.
  • Registration number of clinical trials.

b. Abstract Page
The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for brief reports and article types). The abstract should be structured for original articles. State the context (background), aims, settings and design, analysis used, results and conclusions. Below the abstract should provide 3 to 8 keywords, arranged alphabetically.

c. Introduction
State the purpose and summarize the rationale for the study or observation.

d. Materials and Methods
The Methods section should only include information that was available at the time the study was planned or protocol written; conduct of the study belongs to the results section. Selection and Description of Participants: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. The guiding principle should have clarity about how and why the authors use variables such as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measured the variables and justify their relevance

Technical information: Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures, references to established methods, including statistical methods describe new or substantially modified methods, Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.

e. Results
Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Represent them in tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical issues may be appended where it will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the tex. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to results of the paper and to assess its support.

f. Discussion
Include summary of key findings (primary outcome measures, secondary outcome measures, results as they relate to the study (study question, study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation); Interpretation and implications in systematic review to refer to, if not, could one be reasonably done here and now?, what this study adds to the available evidence, policy, possible mechanisms); Controversies raised by this study; and Future research directions in clinical research.

g. References
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript with square bracket after the punctuation marks. Examples
  1. Standard journal article: Satyanarayana S, Kalghatgi AT, Malaviya AK, Bhardwaj JR, Muralidhar A, Jawed KZ e
  2. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2003;46:416-9.
  3. Books and Other Monographs
  4. Personal author(s): Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY

5. e.Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people.